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From traditional DIP outdoor LED screens to SMD indoor and outdoor LED screens, you may already be very familiar with SMD packaging technology. However, with the increase in people’s demand for higher-definition vision and the development of LED technology, COB LED screens have emerged. Do you know What is the difference between them? Is COB LED display better than SMD LED display? IAMLEDWALL will explore this topic in detail.
SMD LED screen refers to an LED display using Surface Mount Technology (SMT), which encapsulates lamps, brackets, chips, leads, epoxy resin and other materials into lamp beads of different specifications, and then welds them on the PCB board to form LED display module.
The LED lamp beads generally need to be exposed for SMD LED displays. It is not only prone to cross-light problems between pixels, but also makes the protective performance poor, affecting the imaging effect and service life.
The following are the characteristics of SMD LED screens:
COB is the abbreviation of Chip On Board. The technology refers to the LED packaging technology that directly solidifies the LED chip on the printed circuit board (PCB board), rather than welding the formed LED packages on the PCB.
COB packaging technology has some advantages in terms of manufacturing efficiency, imaging quality, protection, and application of small and micro pitch.
The following are the characteristics of COB LED screens:
Using SMD packaging technology with Flip or Wire structure LED displays have a smaller chip emitting area, while flip-chip COB chips occupy a smaller proportion of the PCB and have no electrode obstruction, which improves the chip’s luminous efficiency. Under the same size, COB LED screen has higher brightness and higher contrast.
Large viewing angle comparison
Since the surface of the SMD LED screen has not been optically treated, it is easy to produce color casts and other phenomena when viewed from the side. However, the COB packaging technology is encapsulated with epoxy resin or silicone. The COB LED display has such advantages:
COB LED packaging can reduce thermal resistance and effectively solve heat dissipation problems. In addition, COB LED screens use larger-area electrodes to directly connect to the substrate, which improves the heat dissipation performance of electronic components, thereby effectively improving the color stability and service life of the LED display.
COB packaging technology does not require wire bonding, which can completely solve the failure problem of SMD caused by wire bonding, greatly reduce the risk caused by metal migration, and avoid the problem of SMD pad exposure, thereby achieving a lower failure rate.
Area light source comparison
Combined with optical film technology, COB LED displays can achieve a more uniform and wide light source to avoid glare. It also can achieve a smaller pixel pitch, effectively shortening the optimal viewing distance and providing better display effects. Due to the pixel pitch of SMD LED screens being larger, when viewed at a close distance, pixel blocks will be clearly visible, affecting the picture quality.
The surface treatment technology used by COB LED display can prevent the LED from failing due to water, moisture, or external force damage, making the LED display more dust-proof and moisture-proof and durable. If the COB LED screen adopts IP65 waterproof, anti-static, and anti-scratch design, it can be cleaned with water or alcohol, and people can use it with more confidence. In contrast, due to the weak surface protection of SMD LED display screens, it is easier to cause lamp beads to fall off or dead lamps.
To sum up, COB LED display is better than traditional SMD LED display in many aspects such as display effect, protection, stability, and performance.
COB LED screen is an emerging packaging technology LED screen with broad development prospects. Compared with traditional SMD LED screens, COB LED screens have smaller pixel pitch, lower power consumption, and more uniform colors, so they have the potential to be widely used in indoor advertising, stage performances, conference displays and other fields.
With the continuous advancement of LED technology and the increasing demand for high-quality visual experience, and as the manufacturing technology continues to mature, the cost of COB LED screens will gradually decrease, and COB LED screens will surely become one of the mainstream products in the LED display industry.